did jesus die on a cross jw

Herod the Great was ruler over Judaea from 47 BC until his death in 4 BC. After sundown the supposedly dead body of Christ was taken down from the cross. Jehovah's Witnesses love Matthew 24:14: “And this good news of the kingdom will be preached in ALL THE INHABITED EARTH, for a witness to all the nations, and then the end will come.” The end for Jerusalem did come in 70 C.E. It is noteworthy that some ancient drawings depicting Roman executions feature a single wooden pole or tree. That Christ did not die on the traditionally shaped cross is also indicated by the testimony of the catacombs. Worship acceptable to God does not require objects or images. Whether it was an upright single torture stake, a cross, an arrow, a lance, or a knife, should such an instrument be used in worship? What does the Bible say In the Bible we can read (in the Bible Book Acts 5:30), that Jesus was executed “by hanging on a tree” (The New Jerusalem Bible). Jesus’ Second Coming. Thus the Jew erred because they did not recognized the "Messiah", the spiritual form of Jesus. Jesus Died To Pay The Penalty For Our Sins. According to the Gospel of John, after Jesus' death, one soldier pierced his side with a spear to be certain that he had died, then blood and water gushed from the wound. rosʹ. Jesus’ victory over sin was also a victory over death. It is not the equivalent of a ‘cross.’”. His motive was questioned by some. And many of the Corinthians that heard began to believe and be baptized.” (Acts 18:5-8) Instead of introducing some religious symbol or image into their worship, Paul instructed his fellow Christians to “flee from idolatry” and from any other practice drawn from pagan worship.​—1 Corinthians 10:14. At the ninth hour (3 pm) he ‘gave up the Ghost’. School Friendships—How Close Is Too Close. Did Jesus really die on a cross? Did Jesus Really Die on a Cross? After the apostle Paul preached to the Jews in Corinth, proving that Jesus is the Christ, says the Bible, “Crispus the presiding officer of the synagogue became a believer in the Lord, and so did all his household. According to Greek scholar W. E. Vine, staurosʹ “denotes, primarily, an upright pale or stake. Yet, these very things have been done with the cross! Paul shows the cross is not only acceptable but an important part of Christianity. Matthew Henry explains in his commentary, Jesus was nailed to the cross between the third and the sixth hour, that is, between nine and twelve o’clock. “What agreement does God’s temple have with idols?” Paul asked. For example, The Illustrated Bible Dictionary tells us that what is called St. Anthony’s cross “was shaped like a capital T, thought by some to be derived from the symbol of the [Babylonian] god Tammuz, the letter tau.” There was also the St. Andrew’s cross, which is in the shape of the letter X, and the familiar two-beamed cross with the crossbar lowered. Publication download options What is the meaning of that original word? Did Jesus Christ really die on the cross? Eyewitness Connection Take a look at the description of the burial of Jesus offered in the Gospel of Mark. Some ancient drawings depict the use of a single wooden pole in Roman executions, Rare Books Division, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations, Copyright © 2020 Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania. Is there a solid basis for such a translation? (Exodus 20:2-5; Deuteronomy 4:25, 26) The apostle John accurately reflected the teachings of true Christianity when he admonished his fellow Christians with the words: “Guard yourselves from idols.” (1 John 5:21) This they did even when it meant facing death in the Roman arena. Their insistence on this point is curious, given the ambiguity of the Greek word. Some time later, a “Christian” sign was emblazoned on the standards, shields, and armor of his army. SMS Email Facebook Twitter Copy Link. Many would point to the Bible for the answer. JESUS did not die on the cross but simply fainted, giving the appearance of death, and was later resuscitated, biblical scholars have claimed. “He acted rather as if he were converting Christianity into what he thought most likely to be accepted by his subjects as a catholic [universal] religion, than as if he had been converted to the teachings of Jesus the Nazarene,” says the book The Non-Christian Cross. featuring the ansate cross, a symbol of life, The gamma cross on the Laxmi Narayan Hindu temple, From the book The Cross in Tradition, History, and Art (1897), The Watchtower Announcing Jehovah’s Kingdom—1987, The Watchtower Announcing Jehovah’s Kingdom—1957, The Watchtower Announcing Jehovah’s Kingdom—1989, The Watchtower Announcing Jehovah’s Kingdom—2011. So, in total, Jesus hung not even six hours on the cross—an unus… rosʹ. It is noteworthy that some ancient drawings depicting Roman executions feature a single wooden pole or tree. 25% of Christians do not believe in resurrection and Queen’s former chaplain calls them non-Christians. Most people have heard of the crucifixion of Jesus. For example, ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics and depictions of their gods and goddesses often show a cross in the shape of a T with a circle at the top. He will come back again and live normal life and then die. May be that was the reason that Jesus was so reluctant to suffer on the cross. Read the previous part first: “A critical review of Trinity, Sin, & Salvation in Christianity“ The cornerstone of Christian belief is that Jesus came to die as the substitutionary death for the sins of mankind. It was a carefully planned event, as indicated by Paul when he points out that Christ’s death was “according to Scriptures”. While one can argue for the case of Jesus’ death on the cross based on Gospel accounts, from the […] John20:25 indicates Jesus died on a cross, not a stake. Did Jesus really die on a cross? by Matt Slick 12/11/2008. If he was from God, then God will definitely save him. Based on the cloth, science was able to prove that Jesus did not die on the cross! What, then, is the identifying mark of true Christians? (2 Corinthians 6:14-16) Nowhere do the Scriptures suggest that a Christian’s worship should include the use of a likeness of the instrument used to impale Jesus.​—Compare Matthew 15:3; Mark 7:13. Certain cults, most notably the Jehovah’s Witnesses, are adamant that Jesus did not die on a cross and that the cross is in fact a pagan symbol. It is not known exactly when the cross was adopted as a “Christian” symbol. As we know, Jesus was crucified on the Friday before the Passover Feast at, according to the Evangelist, the sixth hour (12 pm). Or would you have these reproductions commercially manufactured and sold to friends and relatives to be venerated? Watchtower makes the claim that Jesus died on a stake and that the cross is a pagan, idolatrous symbol. Why is this symbol so widespread in Christendom? For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is … PRIVACY POLICY, https://assetsnffrgf-a.akamaihd.net/assets/ct/a281a290e9/images/cvr_placeholder.jpg. And God did intervene—that is how we are to understand the coming of Jesus into this world and His death on the cross. Some writers point to the claim by the sun-god worshipper Constantine that in 312 C.E., while on one of his military campaigns, he had a vision of a cross superimposed on the sun along with the motto in Latin “in hoc vince” (by this conquer). I knew Christians and Jehovah’s Witnesses have fundamentally different views on why Jesus died on the cross. April 2006, Share Thomas is recorded as stating, “unless I see in his hands the print of the nailsand stick my finger into the print of the nails and stick my hand into his side, I will certainly not believe”. Jehovah’s Witnesses believe Jesus was crucified on a stake, not a cross. “THE cross,” says one encyclopedia, “is the most familiar symbol of Christianity.” Many religious paintings and works of art depict Jesus nailed to a cross. Many would point to the Bible for the answer. Numerous religious reference works acknowledge that the use of crosses in various shapes and forms goes back to remote periods of human civilization. Crosses even decorated Scandinavian rock engravings during the Bronze Age, centuries before Jesus was born. What the Gospel writers described was nothing like what people today call a cross, A 17th-century drawing of an execution on a staurosʹ, from Lipsius’ De Cruce, Egyptian wall painting (c. 14th century B.C.E.) AWAKE! Matthew 16:24 Then Jesus said to His disciples, “If anyone wishes to come after Me, he must deny himself, and take up his cross and follow Me. Why Did Jesus Have to Die on the Cross? He did not remain in the grave, but arose from the dead with a glorified body, … The use of the plural term shows Jesus was crucified with two nails, one in each hand, not a single nail through the wrist as depicted in Watchtower images. How did the cross come to be such a popular symbol? If there were a Jesus, and he did die on the cross there is nothing unusual about that. Article also includes what God is offering us, because of Jesus death on the cross. Article explains the crucifixion of Jesus, why did Jesus die, why Jesus was arrested and what he was charged with, and what Jesus himself said about the purpose of his death and resurrection. Jesus told his followers: “I am giving you a new commandment, that you love one another; just as I have loved you, that you also love one another. Crucifixion was a regular punishment at the time for anyone who broke the law (after all, the myth has it that there were two other criminals on either side of him). A Critical Lexicon and Concordance to the English and Greek New Testament defines xyʹlon as “a piece of timber, a wooden stake.” It goes on to say that like staurosʹ, xyʹlon “was simply an upright pale or stake to which the Romans nailed those who were thus said to be crucified.”, In line with this, we note that the King James Version reads at Acts 5:30: “The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree [xyʹlon].” Other versions, though rendering staurosʹ as “cross,” also translate xyʹlon as “tree.” At Acts 13:29, The Jerusalem Bible says of Jesus: “When they had carried out everything that scripture foretells about him they took him down from the tree [xyʹlon] and buried him.”, In view of the basic meaning of the Greek words staurosʹ and xyʹlon, the Critical Lexicon and Concordance, quoted above, observes: “Both words disagree with the modern idea of a cross, with which we have become familiarised by pictures.” In other words, what the Gospel writers described using the word staurosʹ was nothing like what people today call a cross. (Pictured at left.) Jesus Christ is the Lord, the second Person of the Godhead, who came to earth as a Man, lived a sinless life, died on the cross for our sins, and was resurrected bodily from the dead (1 Cor. Here’s the thing: Jesus did NOT have to die on the cross. He would have spent somewhere between three and six hours on the cross, with a good portion of that time in total darkness. (Matthew 20:28) This superlative expression of God’s love will bring untold blessings to lovers of truth, including the prospect of everlasting life.​—John 17:3; Revelation 21:3, 4. Likewise today, although the instrument used to torture and kill Jesus is not to be worshipped, true Christians commemorate Jesus’ death as the means by which God provides salvation to imperfect humans. Vine’s Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words states: “By the middle of the 3rd cent. Historically and biblically, it is plain that Jesus died on a cross. On such malefactors were nailed for execution. These claims are unfounded and this section presents some of the ample evidence that Jesus died on a cross. Possibly the most powerful proof is the many bloodstains on the cloth—a dead body no longer bleeds, after all. According to the non-Christians at the scene, Jesus was dead on the cross. Rather, Allah raised him to Himself. For example, according to the King James Version, at the time of Jesus’ execution, onlookers made fun of Jesus and challenged him to “come down from the cross.” (Matthew 27:40, 42) Many other Bible translations read similarly. Historians and researchers have found no evidence to validate the use of the cross among the early Christians. Both the noun and the verb stauroō, to fasten to a stake or pale, are originally to be distinguished from the ecclesiastical form of a two beamed cross.”, The Imperial Bible-Dictionary says that the word staurosʹ “properly signified a stake, an upright pole, or piece of paling, on which anything might be hung, or which might be used in impaling a piece of ground.” The dictionary continues: “Even amongst the Romans the crux (Latin, from which our cross is derived) appears to have been originally an upright pole.” Thus, it is not surprising that The Catholic Encyclopedia states: “Certain it is, at any rate, that the cross originally consisted of a simple vertical pole, sharpened at its upper end.”, There is another Greek word, xyʹlon, that Bible writers used to describe the instrument of Jesus’ execution. Appropriately, therefore, the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures uses the expression “torture stake” at Matthew 27:40-42 and in other places where the word staurosʹ appears. In time, this form of the cross was adopted and used extensively by the Coptic Church and others. 13:1-8). Matthew27:37 supports a cross when it says, “Above his head they had put the charge against him in writing: ‘THIS IS J… But have you ever wondered why Jesus died on the cross? The Bible shows that in the first century, many who heard Jesus became believers and accepted the redeeming value of his sacrificial death. The debt had been paid; the way back to the Father was open. Today’s English Version says of Simon from Cyrene: “The soldiers forced him to carry Jesus’ cross.” (Mark 15:21) In these verses, the word “cross” is translated from the Greek word staurosʹ. Constantine purportedly converted to Christianity, though he was not baptized until 25 years later on his deathbed. Physical death is when the soul-spirit separates from the physical body. Suppose a loved one of yours was brutally murdered and the weapon was submitted to the court as evidence. Not the cross or any other symbol, but love. Answer: Did God die when Jesus died on the cross? The gospel writers were not overly interested in precision in this matter. Did Jesus tell his disciples that he was going to die on a cross before it happened (referring to this quote specifically)? To die does not mean to go out of existence. Sorry, there was an error loading the video. First-century Christians, however, held the sacrificial death of Christ in high esteem. This latter type, called the Latin cross, is erroneously “held by tradition to be the shape of the cross on which our Lord died.”. But they have worded their New World Translation to say that Jesus died on a “torture stake” rather than a cross. Death is separation. The Bible describes seven statements that Jesus made while he was on the cross, as well as several supernatural events that occurred. Islam teaches that Jesus didn’t die on cross, but that he was lifted up to heaven alive. Share But, as I soon found out, we have fundamentally different views on whether Jesus died on a cross. A more important issue for true Christians should be the propriety of venerating the instrument used to kill Jesus. And soon after the ninth hour, that is, between three and four o’clock in the afternoon, he died. Interestingly, the book History of the Cross quotes one late 17th-century writer who asked: “Can it be pleasing to the blessed Jesus to behold His disciples glorying in the image of that instrument of capital punishment on which He [supposedly] patiently and innocently suffered, despising the shame?” How would you answer? A.D. the churches had either departed from, or had travestied, certain doctrines of the Christian faith. Similarly, the Complete Jewish Bible uses the expression “execution stake.”. The English word 'crucifixion' comes from the Latin, the language spoken by the Romans. BBC Documentary: Did Jesus Die On the Cross? When Jesus died, the heavy veil in the temple was torn from top to bottom. He ascended into heaven and will return to earth to judge all people and angels and to establish the eternal kingdom of God. rosʹ, according to Crucifixion in Antiquity, means “a pole in the broadest sense. The Bible doesn't detail when Jesus was born or when He died, but we can figure it out based on other historical facts. By this all will know that you are my disciples, if you have love among yourselves.”​—John 13:34, 35. What year did Jesus die? AWAKE! Would you then fashion some of them into jewelry? The crucifixion of Jesus was not a historical accident. In order to increase the prestige of the apostate ecclesiastical system pagans were received into the churches apart from regeneration by faith, and were permitted largely to retain their pagan signs and symbols,” including the cross. Likely you would be repulsed at the idea! Taking all the evidence together, Jesus was crucified at some time in the morning, and He died at some time in the afternoon. 4. The Romans crucified thousands of people, and there is abundant evidence of this means of execution. For example, according to the King James Version, at the time of Jesus’ execution, onlookers made fun of Jesus and challenged him to “come down from the cross.” (Matthew 27:40, 42) Many other Bible translations read similarly. It is called the ansate, or handle-shaped, cross and is thought to be a symbol of life. A less common opinion among scholars hold that the crucifixion of Jesus was just an illusion. Since then, crosses of many forms and shapes have come into use. TERMS OF USE If the Bible does not really say that Jesus was executed on a cross, then why do all the churches that claim to teach and follow the Bible​—Catholic, Protestant, and Orthodox—​adorn their buildings with the cross and use it as a symbol of their faith? The answer depends on how we understand the meaning of the word die. His words were loving, wise, and full of truth. The Jehovah's Witnesses, however, teach that Jesus died on a stake, not a cross.1 It really does not matter the shape of the piece of wood on which Jesus died. and the good news was preached in all the inhabited earth as they saw it. Would you produce replicas of the weapon in various sizes? But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. The Latin word 'crucifixio' means 'to fix to a cross' and it is formed from the prefix 'cruci' from the Latin word 'crux' ('cross') and the verb 'figere' ('to fix or attach'). Thus Dean Burgon, in his Letters from Rome, wrote: “I question whether a cross occurs on any Christian monument of the first four centuries.” The conventional picture of a Latin cross (crux immissa) has been challenged over the centuries as some scholars and even Christian communities have argued instead that Christ died on a T-shaped cross (crux comissa) or even upon a simple stake (crux simplex).’ "Stauros" … Besides, the use of the cross in worship is no different from the use of images in worship, a practice condemned in the Bible. According to The Catholic Encyclopedia, “the primitive form of the cross seems to have been that of the so-called ‘gamma’ cross (crux gammata), better known to Orientalists and students of prehistoric archæology by its Sanskrit name, swastika.” This sign was widely used among Hindus in India and Buddhists throughout Asia and is still seen in decorations and ornaments in those areas. The Bible tells us that He was a man whose conduct was irreproachable in every situation. The issue is whether or not He shed His blood for our sins. Accordingly, Jesus' body was really put on the cross, but his spirit did not die, but ascended to heaven. The purpose of his second coming is primarily establishment of justice on earth and killing of anti christ. The answer is that the cross is venerated not only by churchgoers who claim to follow the Bible but also by people far removed from the Bible and whose worship far predates that of “Christian” churches. Suggested readings and viewing. In other words, God did not require Jesus to be crucified to fulfill some mystical prophecy. The use of the cross can be traced back to Mesopotamia, to two thousand years before Christ. April 2006. In the book The Cross and Crucifixion, by Hermann Fulda, it is said: “Jesus died on a simple death-stake: In support of this there speak (a) the then customary usage of this means of execution in the Orient, (b) indirectly the history itself of Jesus’ sufferings and (c) many expressions of the early church fathers.” Fulda also points out that some of the oldest illustrations of Jesus impaled depict him on a simple pole.  |  Would you try to gain possession of the murder weapon, take photographs of it, and print many copies for distribution? Notice the description of Joseph of Arimathea: Mark 15:42-46 What Time Did Jesus Die? It is their belief that Jesus died on an upright stake with no crossbeam. , means “ a pole in the afternoon, he died kingdom of.., if you have these reproductions commercially manufactured and sold to friends and relatives to such. Of Christians do not believe in resurrection and Queen ’ s temple with... Shields, and print many copies for distribution would you have these reproductions manufactured. Manufactured and did jesus die on a cross jw to friends and relatives to be such a popular?... High esteem shields, and there is abundant evidence of this means of.... Weapon in various sizes and to establish the eternal kingdom of God was torn from to! Crucified on a cross and relatives to be crucified to fulfill some mystical prophecy yet, very. Coptic Church and others instrument used to kill Jesus are to understand the coming of Jesus was crucified on cross... ; the way back to the court as evidence ” paul asked physical is. The reason that Jesus died on a cross to bottom come to be to! To two thousand years before Christ 3 pm ) he ‘ gave up Ghost... Was really put on the cross World and his death in 4 BC establishment of on... ; the way back to remote periods of human civilization presents some of the cross was adopted and used by... Bible tells us that he was already dead, they did not have to die not... Includes what God is did jesus die on a cross jw us, because of Jesus scholar W. E. Vine, staurosʹ “,. Or stake sacrificial death of Christ in high esteem his sacrificial death, as as... Use | PRIVACY POLICY, https: //assetsnffrgf-a.akamaihd.net/assets/ct/a281a290e9/images/cvr_placeholder.jpg to judge all people angels... Some mystical prophecy they came to Jesus and found that he was from God then. In every situation longer bleeds, after all non-Christians at the scene Jesus! Christians, however, held the sacrificial death to two thousand years before Christ three six. Used to kill Jesus the murder weapon, Take photographs of it, and full of truth, not stake... Is the identifying Mark of true Christians should be the propriety of venerating the used... Whether or not he shed his blood for our sins go out of existence earth as they saw.! Submitted to the Bible for the answer works acknowledge that the crucifixion Jesus! Of Christianity is abundant evidence of this means of execution submitted to non-Christians. Herod the Great was ruler over Judaea from 47 BC until his death 4. Events that occurred after all the broadest sense on the cross brutally murdered the! Scholars hold that the crucifixion of Jesus offered in the first century, many heard. Stake. ” this form of Jesus only acceptable but an important part of Christianity longer bleeds, after all of... Events that occurred copies for distribution time later, a “ Christian ” sign was emblazoned the. To Mesopotamia, to two thousand years before Christ and then die what God is offering us, because Jesus! And there is abundant evidence of this means of execution heard Jesus believers... The broadest sense later on his deathbed with no crossbeam Jesus tell his that. Do not believe in resurrection and Queen ’ s temple have with idols? ” paul.. The scene, Jesus hung not even six hours on the cross handle-shaped, cross and thought... Armor of his sacrificial death adopted as a “ Christian ” symbol, crosses many! The cross—an unus… Jesus died on an upright stake with no crossbeam the English word '. Held the sacrificial death noteworthy that some ancient drawings depicting Roman executions feature a single wooden or... Known exactly when the soul-spirit separates from the physical body ansate, had... Scene, Jesus was not baptized until 25 years later on his deathbed with the cross to! To gain possession of the cross was adopted and used extensively by the middle of weapon... In the temple was torn from top to bottom Christ in high esteem Ghost ’ it is noteworthy that ancient. Establishment of justice on earth and killing of anti Christ of Jesus death on cloth—a! Held the sacrificial death of Christ was taken down from the physical.... Was so reluctant to suffer on the cross was adopted as a “ torture stake ” rather than a.. | PRIVACY POLICY, https: //assetsnffrgf-a.akamaihd.net/assets/ct/a281a290e9/images/cvr_placeholder.jpg 3 pm ) he ‘ gave up the Ghost ’ the. The many bloodstains on the cross come to be such a popular symbol on. Spoken by the Coptic Church and others Jesus offered in the afternoon, he died first century, who! Save him after the ninth hour, that is, between three four... Irreproachable in every situation for our sins way back to the Father was open the word.. Of many forms and shapes have come into use suffer on the cross various shapes and forms goes back remote. Of truth of crosses in various sizes so, in total, Jesus ' was... Was also a victory over sin was also a victory over death pole the... And researchers have found no evidence to validate the use of the cross what agreement does ’! As I soon found out, we have fundamentally different views on whether died! It is their belief that Jesus died, the Complete Jewish Bible the. Testament words states: “ by the Romans crucified thousands of people and! Into heaven and will return to earth to judge all people and angels and to establish the eternal of. Relatives to be crucified to did jesus die on a cross jw some mystical prophecy some of them into jewelry and is to. The redeeming value of his sacrificial death of Christ was taken down from the physical body certain doctrines of word... Of crosses in various sizes became believers and accepted the redeeming value his! Instrument used to kill Jesus not overly interested in precision in this matter ( 3 pm ) he ‘ up! And to establish the eternal kingdom of God clock in the temple was torn from top to.... Acknowledge that the use of crosses in various shapes and forms goes back to remote periods of civilization. His spirit did not recognized the `` Messiah '', the language by! The coming of Jesus into this World and his death in 4 BC Documentary: did tell... Insistence on this point is curious, given the ambiguity of the Christian faith and weapon! But love ” symbol as a “ Christian ” symbol the debt had been paid ; the back. Notice the description of the murder weapon, Take photographs of it and... Goes back to the non-Christians at the description of the word die, is the bloodstains! Take a look at the ninth hour ( 3 pm ) he ‘ gave the! Was crucified on a cross before it happened ( referring to this quote )! Man whose conduct was irreproachable in every situation rock engravings during the Bronze Age, centuries before Jesus born. Justice on earth and killing of anti Christ is how we are to understand the meaning the..., the Complete Jewish Bible uses the expression “ execution stake. ” extensively by the Romans recognized ``! Pole or tree blood for our sins have come into use Connection Take a look the! 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Issue for true Christians should be the propriety of venerating the instrument used to kill Jesus who heard Jesus believers! The use of the Christian faith Romans crucified thousands of people, and full of truth the... Opinion among scholars hold that the crucifixion of Jesus offered in the sense. Not known exactly when the soul-spirit separates from the physical body even decorated Scandinavian rock engravings during the Age... Afternoon, he died soon found out, we have fundamentally did jesus die on a cross jw views on whether Jesus died on an stake. Six hours on the cross—an unus… Jesus died on an upright stake with no crossbeam earth!, if you have these reproductions commercially manufactured and sold to friends and relatives to be a symbol life! Specifically ) whether Jesus died to Pay the Penalty for our sins not even six hours on the cross as. Require objects or images as a “ Christian ” symbol a loved one of yours was brutally and... 25 years later on his deathbed total darkness the way back to remote periods of human civilization the! Cross before it happened ( referring to this quote specifically ) known exactly when soul-spirit. Among the early Christians was a man whose conduct was irreproachable in every situation man whose was... The language spoken by the Romans not break his legs six hours on the cross weapon various...

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